Trigger finger, medically known as stenosing tenosynovitis, is a common condition that affects the fingers and can cause discomfort and limited functionality. Trigger finger occurs when a finger's tendon sheath becomes inflamed and constricted, making finger movement challenging and often accompanied by a popping or clicking sensation. Traditionally, surgical intervention has been the go-to treatment; however, recent research highlights the effectiveness of physical therapy in managing hand trigger finger without resorting to invasive procedures. This press release aims to shed light on the benefits of physical therapy exercises as a non-surgical treatment option for individuals suffering from hand trigger finger.
Physical therapy, a branch of rehabilitative medicine that focuses on restoring function and mobility, has emerged as a promising non-surgical alternative for managing hand trigger finger. Combining targeted exercises and specialized techniques, physical therapists can help patients alleviate pain, improve finger flexibility, and avoid the need for surgical interventions. By emphasizing patient education, these exercises empower individuals to actively participate in their healing process, promoting long-term self-management of trigger finger symptoms.

The following physical therapy exercises have shown positive results in effectively managing hand trigger finger:

1. Finger Range of Motion Exercises:
- Finger Flexion and Extension: With the unaffected hand, assist the affected finger in bending and straightening it fully. Hold each position for a few seconds before releasing. Repeat 10 to 15 times.
- Finger Abduction and Adduction: Gently spread the fingers apart and then bring them back together. Perform 10 to 15 repetitions.

2. Tendon Gliding Exercises:
- Straight Fist: Make a fist, keeping your fingers straight and the thumb on the outside of your fingers. Gradually unfold the fingers, one at a time, until all fingers are straight, and the palm is facing outward. Repeat 5 to 10 times.
- Hook Fist: Begin with a straight hand, and then curl your fingers into a hook shape while keeping the thumb outside of the fingers. Slowly unfold the fingers, one at a time, until the hand is straight. Aim for 5 to 10 repetitions.

3. Grip Strength Exercises:
- Hand Squeezes: Place a soft ball or stress ball in your palm, squeezing it as hard as possible without causing pain. Hold the squeeze for 5 seconds, then release. Repeat 10 to 15 times.
- Finger Pinches: Using a clothespin or similar object, pinch it repeatedly between your thumb and each finger. Perform this exercise with all fingers, aiming for 10 to 15 repetitions on each.

4. Finger Stretching Exercises:
- Tabletop Finger Stretch: Place your hand flat on a tabletop, palm down. Gently press your fingers against the table, causing a slight stretch in the backs of your fingers. Hold for 15 to 20 seconds, releasing slowly. Repeat 3 to 5 times.
- Thumb Stretch: Extend your arm fully, palm facing down. Grab your thumb with the fingers of your other hand and gently pull it, stretching it away from your palm. Hold for 15 seconds, relax, and repeat 3 to 5 times.

It is essential to consult a certified physical therapist who can tailor these exercises to an individual's specific needs and monitor progress. They will evaluate the severity of the condition and design a comprehensive treatment plan utilizing additional techniques such as ultrasound, massage, and hot/cold therapy to complement the exercise regimen.

Non-surgical treatment through physical therapy exercises provides multiple advantages over surgical intervention, including cost-efficiency, reduced recovery time, and fewer potential side effects. Embracing physical therapy as a primary treatment option for hand trigger finger is a significant step towards avoiding unnecessary medical procedures and optimizing patient outcomes.
September 26, 2023

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